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The basic symptoms of nephrotic syndrome

The basic symptoms of Nephrotic syndrome

According to different pathology. Nephrotic syndrome is divided into the primary, congenital and secondary nephrotic syndrome. The clinical manifestation of nephrotic syndrome is characterized by four major features: Proteinuria, edema, hypoalbuminemia and hyperlipidemia.

1. Lots of proteinuria.

Albumin is the main component of proteinuria and also contains other plasma protein components.

The patient has more than 3.5 grams of proteinuria per day and can have lipid urine.

When the glomerular filtration rate decreases, the albuminuria will decrease.

In severe hypoalbuminemia, the excretion of urine protein can be increased, and the high protein diet will increase the excretion of urine protein.

2, edema,

The basic symptoms of nephrotic syndrome

The most noticeable symptom of the patient is the gradually aggravating systemic edema, the initial morning eyelid, facial, ankle can see edema, as the disease progresses gradually, the edema can affect the whole body.

3. Hypoalbuminemia.

Hypoalbuminemia refers to that the serum albumin of the patient is less than 30 grams per liter. When the compensatory action of the hepatic synthetic albumin is not sufficient to compensate for the loss of urinary protein, hypoalbuminemia occurs.

4. Hyperlipidemia.

Hyperlipidemia is associated with hypoalbuminemia, and the patient may have lipid urine, a birefringent body of fat in the urine, which may be a type of epithelial cell or fat tube containing cholesterol.

Article by : Treatment of kidney failure

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Tags:The basic symptoms of nephrotic syndrome, main component of proteinuria, excreti
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