Traditional Chinese medicine
kidney disease
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kidney disease

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) refers to a set of clinical symptoms featuring large amount of protein in urine, high blood fat, severe edema and low levels of plasma proteins.

Nephrotic syndrome is caused by damage to the glomeruli, which could be the cause of NS or caused by it. The ability of kidney to filter the substances transported in the blood of patients with nephrotic syndrome will be declined. The severity of the damage caused to kidneys can vary and can result in complications in other organs and systems.

Nephrotic syndrome has many causes and could be the results of a glomerular disease which is either limited in kidney and only affect the kidney function, called primary nephrotic syndrome or affects the kidney and other parts and organs of the body, called secondary nephrotic syndrome.

The causes of primary nephrotic syndrome:

Minimal change disease (MCD)

Focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (FSGS)

Inflammation of Membranous glomerulonephritis (IMN)

Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN)

The causes of secondary nephrotic syndrome:

Diabetic nephropathy

Systemic lupus erythematosus

Hepatitis B

HIV

Cancer

Drugs